Macau Periodical Index (澳門期刊論文索引)

Elkin, Graham; Templer, Andrew; Sharma, Radha R; Liao, Jianqiao
Internationalisation of business education: A comparison of Eastern and Western universities
Journal Name
Euro Asia Journal of Management
Pub. Info
Dec. 2008, Vol.18, No.2, pp. 85-101
Abstract : Internationalisation has become a strategic focus for many universities worldwide, however there are differing explanations as to what internationalisation actually means. In order to try to define the phenomenon and examine the effects of cultural background on internationalisation strategies we studied the internationalisation aspirations and achievements of a set of universities in a 'Western' cultural setting and a set in an 'Eastern' cultural setting. Data were gathered through a survey of 70 business schools in which respondents were asked to rate their school's ideal and current level ofperformance in nine aspects of internationalisation. There were significant differences in the strategic aspirations aspirations of the two sets. These differences in aspirations led to differing internationalisation outcomes in which institutions typically performed better in those aspects of internationalisation upon which they were focused. Explanations for the differences between Western and Eastern universities are suggested in terms of economics and strategy, government action, supply and demand, perceived quality issues, academic career opportunity costs, professional accreditation and prevailing world view. Paragraph Headings: 1. Introduction 2. Internationalisation 3. Differing international perspectives 4. Modelling internationalisation 5. Method 6. Findings 7. Conclusion Tables: 1. Current levels of internationalisation 2. Ideal level of internationlisation Figures: 1. Current levels of internationalisation 2. Ideal level of internationalisation 3. Ranked ideal internationalization