UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
Title
論正當程序原則在大陸行政訴訟中的適用 :以最高人民法院發佈的相關案例為中心
English Abstract
As the core content of the abstract principle of due process, it consists of the neutral standard, participation standard and timing standard. However, it still has the certainty and uncertainty. This article finds that the existence of the principle of due process present diversity in the continental legal family, and the application of the principle of due process in the administrative litigation encounters a lot of confusion due to the absence of legislation by anglicizing empirically the authoritative cases. The vitality of the principle of due process present the concrete of legislation or Justice. In view of the fact that it is difficult to satisfy the society with the concrete of legislation, and the lag of legislation is inevitable, how to concrete justice is the key point and difficulty which the principle encounters in judicial practice. The highest judicial organ should introduce "due process" principle to be used as the standard of judicial review in judicial interpretation of the new "administrative procedural law" to prevent the judicial arbitrary and eliminate the pressure from the application of the "administrative procedural law" in the future, and at the same time clear the following the train of thought how to apply the principle of due process : prior to due process , the court applies the normal legal procedure, only when facing hard cases on procedure can the court applies the principle of due process. The above hard cases are consist of five types namely: fuzzy rulesRthe concurrence of rules, the review on the administrative discretion ,the gap-filling of law ,principle paradox. The court chooses a suitable way of judgment and reasons accurately and properly it according to different hard cases on procedure ,which is the key of the concrete of the principle of due process.
Issue Date
2016
Author
唐文
Faculty
Faculty of Law
Degree
Ph.D.
Subject
Criminal procedure -- China
刑事訴訟法 -- 中國
Constitutional Law, Basic Law and Administrative Law -- Faculty of Law
憲法, 基本法與行政法 -- 法學院

Supervisor
蔣朝陽
Files In This Item:
Full-text (Intranet only)
Location
1/F Zone C
Supervisor
--
table of contents
致謝....................................................................................................................i
摘要....................................................................................................................ii
聲明....................................................................................................................iv
常用文獻簡稱與常用短語說明 ...........................................................................v
表格目錄 ..........................................................................................................xiii
第一章 緒論 .......................................................................................................1
第一節 研究緣與問題提出 ..................................................................................1
一、原則裁判問題是法理學中常議常新的課題................................................... 2
二、原則裁判疑難案件是重要法律解釋方法....................................................... 3
三、大陸法域原則判理論與實務亟待深入研究................................................... 3
第二節 本課題研究基點、重點與研究範圍......................................................... 6
一、學說梳理:正當程序原則內涵的“最大公約數” .............................................7
二、研究基點:“最大公約數”的分解 .................................................................11
三、概念分析:關於正當程序原則基本屬性的解釋 ..........................................15
四、研究重點:正當程序原則在大陸法域如何踐行........................................... 24
五、研究範圍:從基本理論到主要實務............................................................. 25
第三節 選題之研究意義與研究方法....................................................................29
一、選題之研究意義 ..........................................................................................29
二、選題之研究方法 ..........................................................................................33
第四節 原創性聲明............................................................................................. 35
第二章 關於正當程序原則適用的實證與述評..................................................... 36
第一節 從權威案例看原則裁現狀........................................................................36
一、基於原則裁判公開程序之考察 ................................................................... 37
二、基於原則裁判所保護當事人權益之考案..................................................... 41
三、基於原則裁判所處判案地位之考案............................................................ 43
四、基於原則在適用時內涵之考察 ................................................................... 43
五、基於原則裁判權威案例被追隨之考察........................................................ 44
六、對九個權威案例作為“規整”的評論 ............................................................. 49
七、對原則裁判權威案例升格為指導性案例的述評.......................................... 51
第二節 從制度建構看適用背景 ..........................................................................56
一、從根本大法到軟法..................................................................................... 56
二、從國家立法到地方政府立法 ...................................................................... 59
三、從司法解釋到辨案指南...............................................................................66
第三節 從適用背景看適用困惑 ..........................................................................70
一、適用依據的困惑 .........................................................................................70
二、法定程序與正當程序關係的困惑.................................................................73
三、適用條件的困惑 .........................................................................................73
四、依附法條的困惑 .........................................................................................74
五、權威案例參照適用之困惑........................................................................... 76
六、稱謂不一的困惑 .........................................................................................78
七、原則說理的困惑......................................................................................... 79
第三章 正當程序原則的法理基礎...................................................................... 81
第一章 憲法規範之分析 .....................................................................................82
一、人權保障之進路 ..........................................................................................83
二、建設法治國家之進路 ..................................................................................89
三、合憲性解釋之進路 ......................................................................................92
第二節 法律規範之分析..................................................................................... 99
一、能否從大陸實定法中歸納出正當程序原則..................................................100
二、正當程序與法定程序到底是何關係 ............................................................106
三、法定程審查標準與正當程序原則.................................................................114
第三節 案例指導制度之分析............................................................................. 123
一、關於近些年大陸判例文獻簡述 ....................................................................124
二、“應當參照”與指導性案例的效力..................................................................126
三、“裁判要點”與“法官法” .................................................................................131
四、本章小結 .....................................................................................................136
第四章 正當程序原則的二重性及其適用條件.....................................................137
第一節 正當程序原則的二重性..........................................................................137
一、關於法律原則確定性與否的學術梳理.........................................................137
二、正當程序原則的“二重性”............................................................................149
第二節 正當程序原則的適用條件.......................................................................162
一、正當程序原則適用的場域............................................................................162
二、正當程序原則適用的不衝突性.....................................................................168
三、正當程序原則適用的無限制性.....................................................................180
四、正當程序原則適用的具體化.........................................................................183
第五章 正當程序原則適用的實務探究.................................................................190
第一節 頂層設計適用框架 ..................................................................................190
一、最高法院明確司法謙抑的適用思路..............................................................190
二、為“正當程序”正名........................................................................................ 198
二、將“正當程序”寫入《行政訴訟法》司法解釋 ................................................202
第二節 程序疑案審理思路.................................................................................. 203
一、“五步分析法”厘定程序疑案類型................................................................... 204
二、不同類型程序疑難案件的司法方法 ..............................................................209
三、“強拆司法解釋”關於正當程序的規定是否可以類推...................................... 227
四、規範性檔制定程序的司法審查..................................................................... 232
第三節 程序違反判決方式.................................................................................. 236
一、程序違反判決方式之法律背景.................................................................... 236
二、程序違反判式的適用................................................................................... 244
第四節 原則裁判如何說理 ..................................................................................263
一、原則裁判說理的正當性與適度性 .................................................................264
二、程序疑案裁判說理的內在機理 ....................................................................266
三、原則裁判的說理重點 ...................................................................................271
四、原則裁判說理的繁簡分流.............................................................................276
結論與展望 .........................................................................................................278
參考文獻............................................................................................................. 290
附錄.................................................................................................................... 304