UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
Title
論中國內地網絡購物合同糾紛管轄權 =Critical research of the jurisdiction of online shopping in Mainland China
English Abstract
With the progress of science and technology and the development of the times, the trading way becomes more diverse. Along with the rapid development and popularization of Internet technology, the transactions based on the Internet become more and more, and electronic commerce has gained great progress. As one of the most important and the most popular new-form transaction modes of the electronic commerce, online shopping has greatly changed the modern trading mode, and the network shopping consumers can buy their favorite goods without going out. However, with the development and popularization of the online shopping, the type and quantity of the contradiction between the consumers and businesses in the online shopping are also more and more, among which the contract disputes in online shopping accounts for the main part. In the contract disputes of the online shopping, the problem of jurisdiction occurs frequently. As the existing jurisdiction rules of mainland China is mainly formulated according to the jurisdiction of the traditional contract disputes, it cannot solve the jurisdiction disputes completely due to the Internet characteristics of online shopping contract, and cannot meet the appeal for the fairness of the parties, which results a gap from the age. This paper first analyzes the definition and characteristics of online shopping contract, so as to understand why online shopping contract disputes will cause the impact on the traditional contract jurisdiction theory. Then it introduces the present legislative and judicial status of the online shopping jurisdiction problems and the specific cases and further analyzes the online shopping jurisdiction problems and the reason why these problems arise in China. Combined with the theory and every country’s reaction towards e-commerce online shopping contract jurisdiction, explore the significance of online shopping contract jurisdiction, and then put forward the thinking about how to solve this problem, and finally put forward the practical 4 suggestions towards the online shopping contract jurisdiction and the modification of the existing jurisdiction rules. This paper is divided into three parts, namely the introduction, the main text and the summary. The main text is divided into five parts. The first part is to introduce the current situation of the Chinese mainland online shopping contract disputes and its jurisdiction, which is divided into two sections. The first section mainly introduces the definition and characteristics of the online shopping contract, compare the online shopping and traditional shopping contracts from the definition and characteristics and analyze why online shopping contract will have the impact on traditional contract jurisdiction rules; The second chapter mainly introduces the current legislation and practice situation of Chinese mainland online shopping contracts, and thus explore the necessity of online shopping contract jurisdiction. The second part is to explore the present Chinese mainland online shopping contract litigation jurisdiction problem and analysis the reason why such similar problems are caused. Through the proposal of the problem and the analysis of the reason, it leads to the thinking on how to solve this problem. Through the proposal of the problem and the analysis of the reason, the third part introduces and analyzes the problem how to define the online shopping contract disputes jurisdiction from the academic theory circles and the current international legislation and practice experience, puts forward the reference ideas of the determination problems of solving Chinese mainland online shopping contract jurisdiction. The last part is the thinking on how to solve the online shopping contract jurisdiction ownership based on the above logic and analysis and finally puts forward the practical suggestions of the online shopping contract disputes and the suggestions on the improvement and modification of the existing jurisdiction rules. Key words: “online shopping contract” “contract disputes” “jurisdiction”
Chinese Abstract
随着科技的进步和时代的发展,人们交易的方式变得更加多种多样。随着互 联网科技的飞速发展和普及,电子商务得到了长足的进步,而网络购物作为电子 商务中最重要以及最普遍的新形态交易模式,极大改变了现代人的生活,网络购 物的消费者可以不出门就买到自己心仪的商品,然而随着网络购物的发展和普及, 基于网络购物中产生的消费者和商家之间的矛盾的种类和数量也越来越多,其中 网络购物合同纠纷占主要部分。而在网络购物合同纠纷中管辖权归属问题频频发 生。由于中国内地现有管辖规则主要还是依据传统的合同纠纷的管辖权确定规则 为基础制定,因此并不能完全解决由于网络购物合同的互联网特性而产生的管辖 权纠纷,无法满足当事人对于公平的诉求,与时代有所脱节。本文先分析网络购 物合同的定义和特征,从而了解为何网络购物合同纠纷会对传统的合同管辖权确 定理论造成冲击,其次介绍中国内地目前的网络购物管辖权的立法和司法现状以 及具体案例进而分析网络购物管辖权出现的问题以及为什么会出现这些问题的 原因,再次结合理论和世界各国针对电子商务网络购物合同管辖权的应对,探究 探寻网络购物合同管辖权的意义,并且提出对于如何解决这个问题的思考,最终 提出对于网络购物合同纠纷诉讼管辖实务的建议以及提出对现有管辖规则进行 完善和修改的建议。 本文的正文分为三个大部分,分别是前言、正文和总结三个部分。正文分为 四个部分。第一部分主要是介绍中国内地网络购物合同纠纷以及其管辖权的现状, 其中分为两节,第一节主要介绍网络购物合同的定义和特征,从定义和特征上将 网络购物和传统购物合同进行比较,从而分析为何网络购物合同为什么会对传统 的合同管辖规则造成冲击;第二节主要介绍中国内地网络购物合同目前的立法和 实务现状,从而明确探讨网路购物合同管辖权问题的必要性。第二部分则是探究 中国内地现在网络购物合同纠纷诉讼管辖中出现的问题及分析此类为什么会产 生类似问题的原因,从而引出该如何解决此类问题的思考。通过前文的问题的提 出的对于原因的分析,第三部分对网络购物合同纠纷管辖权如何界定这个问题从 学术理论界以及国际上现行的立法和实务上的经验进行介绍和分析,为解决中国 内地的网络购物合同管辖权的确定问题提出借鉴的思路。最后一部分则是基于上 述的论理和分析,进行对于如何解决网络购物合同管辖权归属纠纷的思考,最终 提出对于网络购物合同纠纷诉讼管辖实务的建议以及提出对现有管辖规则进行 完善和修改的建议。 关键词:网络购物合同 合同纠纷 管辖权
Issue Date
2015
Author
余樂
Faculty
Faculty of Law
Degree
LL.M.
Subject
Teleshopping -- Law and legislation -- China
網上購物 -- 法規 -- 中國
Contracts -- China
合約 合約法規 -- 中國
Juridical Sciences (Chinese Language) -- Faculty of Law
中文法學 -- 法學院
Supervisor
稅兵
Files In This Item:
Full-text (Intranet only)
Location
1/F Zone C
Supervisor
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