UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
題材與思想 :"三言" 中的明代話本研究 = A research on subject matter and thought of huaben fictions of Ming dynasty in San yan
English Abstract
San Yan is an anthology of Huaben fictions which was compiled and processed by a famous writer named Feng Menglong in Ming dynasty. It divides into Yu Shi Ming Yan, Jing Shi Tong Yan and Xing Shi Heng Yan, and successively published between Tai Chang and Tian Qi years in Ming dynasty. The first book Yu Shi Ming Yan was originally called Gu Jin Xiao Shuo, in the preface of this book claimed that the editor selected ancient and modern popular novels into the book. As the name implies, “Gu” stands for the Huaben fictions in Song and Yuan dynasties (which is called Songyuan Huaben in this paper). “Jin” stands for the Huaben fictions and Nihuaben fictions in Ming dynasty (which is called Mingdai Huaben in this paper). Therefore, San Yan is a collection of Huaben fictions of Song Yuan and Ming dynasties and the Nihuaben fictions of Ming dynasty. It occupies a pivotal position in the history of Chinese fiction. Literature is constantly developing. In SanYan, the Mingdai Huaben had got a certain development than Songyuan Huaben, especially in the respects of subject matter of the novels which shown some new features. It has important research value and worth researching. Thus, this paper will focus on the point. Then take Mingdai Huaben as the object of the research and analyze the subject matter types and thoughts of it in three steps. First of all, to clarify the concept of the object of study, and classify the Songyuan Huaben and Mingdai Huaben in San Yan on the basis of the previous research, in order to lay the foundation for the later analysis. The second step is to make a comparison between Songyuan Huaben and Mingdai Huaben of subject matter types, analyzing the changes and developments of them and discussing the reasons of it. In the Mingdai Huaben, the proportion of gods and spirits works was reduced. It proved that the subject matter in Mingdai Huaben of SanYan is closer to reality. The works of subject matter of love and case also show some new features. In addition, Feng Menglong expanded the subject matter of Keju examination and commercial, he made an important contribution V to the development of Huaben fictions. Absolutely, the changes of subject matter closely relate to the social life and the author's thought. Feng Menglong conceived his thoughts in the processing of the subject matter of Mingdai Huaben. At last, this paper will combine with the background of the times, the life experiences and literary thoughts of Feng Menglong and other factors to further discuss the ideological connotation of the Mingdai Huaben in San Yan, and analyze the contradictory thoughts which both against traditional ethics and defend traditional ethics among it. Pointing that Feng Menglong tried to find a new way to solve the conflicts of emotion and reason, morality and benefit. And he also preached the thought of "persuading good and punishing evil" to educate people.
Chinese Abstract
“三言”是明代文學家馮夢龍編纂加工而成的話本小說集,分為《喻世明言》、 《警世通言》、《醒世恆言》,相繼刊行於泰昌、天啟年間。其中的第一本《喻世 明言》原本叫做《古今小說》,在該書序言中就說明了編者的選編範圍是“古今通 俗小說”。顧名思義,“古”即宋元話本小說,“今”即創作於明代的話本小說及 擬話本小說。因此,“三言”是一部匯集宋元明話本與擬話本的話本集。在中國小 說史上佔有舉足輕重的地位。 文學是不斷發展的,在“三言”中的明代話本較之宋元話本已經有了一定的發 展,尤其是在題材方面已經呈現出新的特點,具有重要的研究價值。本文從此處入 手,將“三言”中的明代話本作為研究對象,分三步對其題材與思想進行研究分析。 首先將研究對象的概念進行釐清,並在前人的研究基礎上對“三言”中的宋元話本 以及明代話本進行分類,為後文的展開奠定基礎。然後,對比分析“三言”明代話 本在宋元話本基礎上題材方面產生的變化與發展,並對這些變化發展出現的原因做 了探討。其中神怪題材的作品比重減少,明代話本的題材更加靠近現實。愛情與公 案題材的作品則展現了新的特徵,除此之外還拓展了科舉題材和商業題材的作品, 這是馮夢龍對話本小說題材發展的重要貢獻。當然,題材的變化與社會生活和作者 的思想息息相關,馮夢龍在明代話本題材的處理中寄寓了他的思想。最後,結合時 代背景以及編者馮夢龍的生平、文學思想等因素深入探討了“三言”中明代話本小 說的具有時代氣息的思想內涵。並對其中既反傳統又維護傳統的矛盾思想進行了分 析,從中了解到馮夢龍試著尋找一條解決“情與理”、“義與利”矛盾的新途徑以 及他通過宣揚“勸善懲惡”的思想來教化世人的目的。
Issue Date
Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Department of Chinese
Feng, Meng Lung, 1574-1646 -- Criticism and interpretation
馮夢龍, 1574-1646 -- 評論及解釋
Chinese fiction -- Ming dynasty, 1368-1644 -- History and criticism
中國小說 -- 明代, 1368-1644 -- 歷史及評論

Files In This Item:
Full-text (Intranet only)
1/F Zone C