UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
English Abstract
This study was to investigate the current situation of physical fitness and health literacy of college students in Macau. The differences and correlation between fitness and health literacy would be studied as well. In this study 152 college students were invited as participants in Macau, Quantitative research and Fitness test were conducted. The European Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLS-EUQ) was used, the norms of the fitness test included body composition, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and cardiovascular capacity. SPSS 12.0 was used to analyse initial retrieved data. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, One-way ANOVA and correlation analysis were used to analyze data. The key results of this study were as follow: 1) Male college students were significantly better than female in most test items of fitness performance. There was no significant difference on cardiovascular capacity between male and female. 2) 18-year-old college students were significantly better than 21 year-old college students on cardiovascular capacity. 3) The students of FST were significant better than other faculties on muscular strength and body composition. 4) Students live in dorms of college were significantly better than non-resident students on muscular strength. 5) The overall scores of health literacy for Macau college students were above the average and college students from different background have no significant difference in different dimensions of health literacy. 6) The overall health literacy had positive correlations with muscular strength, muscular endurance and body composition.
Chinese Abstract
本研究目的在於探討澳門大專生體適能與健康知能的現狀,比較不同背景變項的 差異,以及兩者之關係。 本研究以 152 位澳門大專生為受試對象,進行問卷調查及體適能測試。問卷採用 歐洲健康知能量表,體適能檢測項目包括﹕身體組成、肌力、肌耐力、柔軟度、心肺 適能。數據以 SPSS 軟件 12.0 版本進行分析,並透過描述性統計、獨立樣本 t 檢驗、單 因子變異數分析及皮爾森積差相關等加以處理。研究結果如下﹕一、澳門男大專生在 多項體適能表現上顯著高於女生,而「心肺適能」則不存在性別上的差異;二、18 歲 的大專生在「心肺適能」上顯著高於 21 歲的大專生;三、科技學院學生在「肌力」及 「身體組成」上顯著高於其他學院;四、住宿式書院學生在「肌力」上顯著高於非宿 生;五、澳門大專生健康知能的整體得分達中上知識水平,不同背景變項的澳門大專 生在健康知能各個構面上未達顯著差異。六、大專生「整體健康知能」與體適能之 「肌力」、「肌耐力」及「身體組成」達顯著正相關。
Issue Date
Faculty of Education
Physical education and training -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Macau
體育教育及訓練 -- 學習及教學 (高等) -- 澳門
Physical education and training -- Psychological aspects
體育教育及訓練 -- 心理方面
College students -- Macau
大專學生 -- 澳門
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