UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
Title
魏晉六朝體道精神與 "文心雕龍" 徵聖立言觀念研究
English Abstract
The thesis object is the literary theory book Wen-xin Diao-long written by Liu Xie in Southern dynasties, and the literary theory produced by the spirit of Dao realization of Liu Xie inside the book is the research focus. The thesis revealed the opinion of learning to the Sage on writing in chapter Zheng-sheng which was a literary concept about the willingness of Dao realization, and the reason for Liu Xie chose the Sage articles to establish the principle of artistic writing was making the dream accord with Dao come true. This literary theory combined Daoism and Art concept perfectly; it means there were two manners in this writing concept. It was a meaningful concept on both the subject of literary criticism and transcendent theory. Moreover, during the Late Han to the Six Dynasties, a mingling of Chinese cultures was rising and flourishing, the spirit of Dao realization in Early Chinese was revived depended on Buddhism theory at that time, and the concept of learning to the Sage was also developed in this particular cultural background, then became to a literary concept. Because of accepting the zeitgeist of Dao realization, there was a spirit of learning to the Sage and according with Dao in Wen-xin Diao-long, as well as a literary theory of Dao realization was constructed in the book. The thesis analyzes the spirit of Dao realization in Chinese literary theory, and the concept of learning to the Sage in Wen-xin Diao-long. Both of two parts aim at finding the factual explanation for Liu Xie. The Wei, Jin and the Six Dynasties can be seemed as an open and vital period for developing Ontology, encouraging people to recognize and quest for the Substance. It properly influenced the literary field to absorb and fuse the ideological trend, and to establish a great literary theory treatise, which had strong moral will to approach to transcendental state by Composition. The special meaning about practice theory is that authors can prove and continue building iv up Chinese civilization based on those traditional Sages, by their writing practice of blending Dao and Art.
Chinese Abstract
本論文是以南朝梁代劉勰《文心雕龍》為對象,圍繞其體道思想所開展的 文學理論研究,揭示徵聖立言是在時代體道追求之下的文學理論,以聖人立文 為典範所建構的藝文原則和制作觀念,由此實現超凡入聖的理想。顯豁其中自 然與應然圓融配合的文學觀,及其在當時文論與超凡入聖之學所特立的意義, 說明了揉合道藝的徵聖立言觀念,乃產生於六朝特有的文化環境,引發道入聖 的自信重振,於此特殊氛圍下,長養出徵聖的思想,並演化為文學觀念。 論文透過體道思想以及《文心雕龍》的立文徵聖思想兩大方面的考析,為 劉勰的徵聖思想尋求合符史實的解釋。在魏晉六朝思想領域產生對玄遠本體的 追求,亦影響了文學理論發展的方向,實現一種體道邁聖的超越性立文願景。 文論實踐意義,在於作者制作道藝並融的經驗,親證和繼承中國先聖以文明道 的大業。
Issue Date
2013
Author
歐陽艷華
Faculty
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Department:
Department of Chinese
Degree
Ph.D.
Subject
Liu, Hsieh, approximately 465-approximately 522. Wen hsin tiao lung
劉勰, 約 465-約 522. 文心雕龍
Chinese literature -- History and criticism -- Theory, etc.
中國文學 -- 歷史及評論 理論, 等
Literary Studies (Chinese) -- Department of Chinese
文學研究 -- 中文系
Supervisor
鄧國光
Files In This Item:
TOC & Abstract
Full-text
Location
1/F Zone C
Supervisor
--
table of contents
Title: 魏晉六朝體道精神與 "文心雕龍" 徵聖立言觀念研究 By: 歐陽艷華 致謝.......................................................................................................................i
提要......................................................................................................................ii
聲明......................................................................................................................v
目錄......................................................................................................................vi
第1章 導論.............................................................................................................1
1.1 一般背景.........................................................................................................1
1.2 特定背景.........................................................................................................3
1.3 研究目的.........................................................................................................6
1.4 研究方法舆構思...............................................................................................7
1.5 文獻回顧........................................................................................................12
1.5.1 釋「聖人」之義涵.......................................................................................13
1.5.2 釋〈徵聖〉的寫作理論與思想價值..............................................................15
1.5.3 《文心雕龍》文論的思想淵源.....................................................................17
1.5.4 與體道思想有關的概念................................................................................22
1.6 論文架構組織..................................................................................................23
1.7 研究的意義.....................................................................................................25
1.8 研究的開創性..................................................................................................25
第2章 聖凡才性之思辨:關於主體之超凡入聖論...................................................28
2.1 漢儒聖凡論......................................................................................................29
2.1.1 引子:關於聖人之學的時間斷限...................................................................29
2.1.2 聖凡才性之分殊:不可學不可至...................................................................31
2.2 魏晉聖人之學...................................................................................................49
2.2.1 以才力為中心的人物品鑒..............................................................................49
2.2.2 超脫格套表現獨異個性.................................................................................52
2.2.3 以超脫格套釋聖人內涵.................................................................................55
2.2.4 個性體道論之矛盾困境.................................................................................72
2.3 佛學佛性義的引入...........................................................................................73
2.3.1 支遁引導善性之重提....................................................................................73
2.3.2 由玄到佛的本體追求....................................................................................76
2.4 《文心》的學聖思想.......................................................................................81
2.4.2 重建性之善質超越涵義................................................................................86
2.4.3 才性並重的立文體道觀................................................................................89
2.5 本章小結.........................................................................................................93 第3章 以禪修為實踐的體道之學:禪修原理與般若思想的傳介.............................94
3.1 東晉初期老莊式的禪修觀念與形態.................................................................96
3.1.1 禪典的翻譯與觀念引進................................................................................96
3.1.2 禪修空間往傳統名山延伸...........................................................................101
3.1.3 〈遊天台山賦〉的禪思意義........................................................................111
3.1.4 馳神運思:由禪思到神思...........................................................................119
3.2 東晉晚年釋慧遠顯豁之禪思成佛義................................................................122
3.2.1 道安闡發的正統禪修義理...........................................................................124
3.2.2 慧遠護持正統的弘法觀念...........................................................................129
3.2.3 《阿毘曇心論》啟迪下的禪修觀................................................................135
3.3 本章小結.......................................................................................................150
第4章 禪修與文藝實踐的融合.............................................................................152
4.1 廬山觀見佛影的禪修實踐義..........................................................................152
4.1.1 於廬山建立修行場地..................................................................................153
4.1.2 有關佛影聞的來源.....................................................................................156
4.1.3 觀見佛影與擬狀形容.................................................................................159
4.1.4 以會理為體道的證驗.................................................................................168
4.1.5 慧遠禪修觀念的意義.................................................................................171
4.2 宋初宗柄的神思義........................................................................................175
4.2.1 像真山水,以理練神.................................................................................177
4.2.2 宗柄的神思義:聖凡明道之同質性............................................................186
4.2.3 禪思介體轉向中國文化..............................................................................191
4.3 本章小結......................................................................................................193
第5章 窮理與立言:以理和文建立的體道理論...................................................195
5.1 面向有情世間的體道關懷:理的超越義詮釋................................................195
5.1.1 以理體道之觀念基礎.................................................................................198
5.1.2 佛學重理之思想背景.................................................................................200
5.1.3 竺道生的「理」觀念.................................................................................202
5.2 以極建立本體思想的歷程:本體質性與成化法則的觀念發展.......................205
5.2.1 漢前極中傳統思想.....................................................................................205
5.2.2 佛學本體論之終始不變義..........................................................................208
5.2.3 魏厝玄佛的宗極義.....................................................................................210
5.3 理的徼向作用:本體極宗之成化總法...........................................................215
5.3.1 理歸一極,沿理見聖.................................................................................216
5.3.2 循理入聖之內化要求.................................................................................220
5.3.3 實修中理的成聖作用.................................................................................222
5.4 沿理建立《文心雕龍》文、道文融的藝術精神.............................................227
5.4.1 弘法方向的復歸中國貴文傳統...................................................................227
5.4.2 沿聖文以識天道:以文為外教的思想........................................................232
5.4.3 以文藝傳達人生體道歷驗與理念...............................................................239
5.4.4 文與理的上達義為立文體道理念的基礎....................................................247
5.4.5 《文心》原心循理以體道的思想...............................................................252
5.5 本章小結......................................................................................................259
第6章 徵聖體道精神下的「神理」與「理」義:由聖文展現的明理之術............261
6.1 《文心雕龍》體道義涵與理想......................................................................261
6.1.1 關於《文心雕龍》體道理論的說明............................................................261
6.1.2 《文心雕龍》中道之本質:依止於有名世間.............................................263
6.1.3 效法理徼成化建立的體道方式...................................................................266
6.1.4 道心與神理的體道義涵..............................................................................269
6.2 「理」與「神理」在體道制作中的作用........................................................276
6.2.1 神理之數....................................................................................................277
6.2.2 緯書中的神理............................................................................................278
6.2.3 自然:結合神理與物情的合道原則............................................................279
6.3 效聖與知聖:會理修德,沿理體文...............................................................285
6.3.1 澄心會理的成文原則..................................................................................285
6.3.2 聖人沿理設教,知音會理應心...................................................................289
6.4 聖文形範中的理與義.....................................................................................296
6.4.1 明理立體:以理為建立文體的必要修件.....................................................297
6.4.2 發義為用....................................................................................................308
6.4.3 理與義的本變之別.....................................................................................315
6.5 由理與義發展的聖人文術.............................................................................319
6.5.1 正言發義,樹體成辭.................................................................................320
6.5.2 義有顯隱, 因用變通.................................................................................330
6.6 立德明理為主的立文觀念..............................................................................332
6.6.1 體道明理的立文取向..................................................................................332
6.6.2 會理即聖的體道觀念..................................................................................333
6.7 小結..............................................................................................................335
第7章 徵聖體道精神下的樞紐範式:宗經與騷變.................................................337
7.1 文之樞紐的意義.............................................................................................338
7.1.1 樞紐「極」義探原......................................................................................338
7.1.2 樞紐觀下的宗本思想..................................................................................344
7.2 依經立本的體道理念.....................................................................................350
7.2.1 慧遠「依經立本」之制作原則....................................................................351
7.2.2 以經為源及以經約文的文論........................................................................352
7.2.3 以經正本,道藝並融..................................................................................356
7.2.4 以經定立文之本宗......................................................................................358
7.3 制定文之樞紐的作用:反本正變....................................................................361
7.3.1 文之樞紐的本義與變義................................................................................361
7.3.2 佛學有關失本與好異的討論思潮.................................................................363
7.3.3 變化之理想方式:本與變的平衡.................................................................369
7.4 文之樞紐在藝文中的作用:辦文體之本末奇正..............................................371
7.4.1 稟經與酌雅.................................................................................................373
7.4.2 辨《楚辭》之合經與變經...........................................................................376
7.5 樞紐經典的實踐理念:立德正言,體道反本.................................................385
7.5.1 為文定極的宏願.........................................................................................386
7.5.2 重提禮文之理:辨正訛變,指示應然.........................................................386
7.5.3 由才性八體到宗經六義:重建文學安頓性命的體道功能.............................392
7.6 本章小結........................................................................................................403
第八章 徵聖體道精神下的神思與物色:融道入藝的文學觀念構建.......................406
8.1 神思義涵流變與體道精神的引入....................................................................406
8.1.1 中國傳統「神思」的通神義涵....................................................................408
8.1.2 西晉漢譯禪典引入的禪修觀:超凡入聖的實踐理論....................................414
8.2 《文心雕龍》「神思」理念對禪修觀念的承接與發展...................................420
8.2.1 融入禪修觀念的文思原理:以神思會通聖凡...............................................421
8.2.2 虛靜:神靜照理的修養工夫........................................................................435
8.2.3 神變內容的轉向:以神發動智慧德性之思理...............................................437
8.2.4 資借佛學羲理建立的心神離形羲:主體超越能力的强化.............................439
8.3 神思的藝文意羲舆理論開拓...........................................................................443
8.3.1以藝文弘道的傳统舆新變...........................................................................444
8.3.2 辭:圆融詮理之工具.................................................................................446
8.3.3 氣:支持神思運作的生命力量................................................................... 448
8.3.4 養氣舆練神:静慮结文的條件.....................................................................450
8.4 體物舆象真的體道意羲................................................................................454
8.4.1 體物意羲的提升:研察神理...................................................................... 454
8.4.2 由體物而體道的上達原理..........................................................................455
8.4.3 神思的體物會理原则:即物舆鑒真...............................................................460
8.5 本章小結......................................................................................................465
第9章 徵聚體道精神下的情與氣:會通凡聖舆世變的藝文理念...........................467
9.1 去聖久遠背景中的通變需求.........................................................................467
9.1.1 文體解散:體道意羲的失落....................................................................467
9.1.2 才性與體性的體道歸向...........................................................................470
9.1.3 尋找聖凡的共同本質、化解聖凡的差異.................................................. 473
9.2 聖凡之情的共性與限制...............................................................................474
9.2.1 漠魏聖人有情論之争議............................................................................474
9.2.2 以聖凡有情為超凡入聖演論....................................................................479
9.3《文心雕龍》以理化情的反本情旨..............................................................482
9.3.1 文情的最高標準:從理化累的聖人之情....................................................482
9.3.2 建立谏情作用之文理羲:從自我约束轉向内發之理.................................. 484
9.3.3《文心雕龍》的煉情觀對於聖人之學的理論補足.....................................486
9.4 由體道之志轉化寫真功能:化情從理的文術.................................................487
9.4.1 由寫真而體道..................................................................................488
9.4.2 参法聖人藝文的寫真文理:比與興....................................................493
9.5 養氣實志,负氣適變...........................................................................501
9.5.1 氣觀念的演變:從聖凡制限到共性養練的過程..................................501
9.5.2 聖文之氣,以秀采雕龍....................................................................508
9.5.3 负氣適變之形範...............................................................................511
9.5.4 關於建安文學的論述:提挽任氣使才之應然羲..................................515
9.6 化解文學之訛變....................................................................................518
9.6.1 參古的作用.......................................................................................518
9.6.2 委獨性於體道之域.............................................................................519
9.7 本章小結...............................................................................................520
第10章 總结................................................................................................521
10.1 論文總結.............................................................................................521
10.2 研究的限制..........................................................................................525
10.3 研究的展望..........................................................................................526
参考文獻......................................................................................................527
作者簡歷......................................................................................................538