UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
Title
CISG中的風險轉移問題研究
English Abstract
With the rapidly developing of the global economic, commercial exchanges become more and more close day by day, and the international trade in goods become generally. The transportation of International trade in goods usually need to go through a tedious process or a long time to deliver to the buyer. It is important that who should bear the risk of the damage or loss during this period. Risk transfer means that who should bear the risk of the damage or loss, an essential question in passing of risk is to determine the time that when the risk transfer from the seller to the buyer. But risk transfer is an area that easily disagreement and disputes, so it is important to make sure the specific time and conditions of risk transfer. And it not only valued by national legislation, but also by international treaties and international conventions. As one of the most important international treaties, CISG has become the most important treaty in international trade field as well as the most representative in stipulating the system on the passing of risk. So it is necessary to discuss the rule of risk transfer of CISG. The article divides into four parts. The first part is the overview of the rule of passing of risk, elaborated the basic concept of the system on the passing if risk, and discuss the three general principles. The second part emphatically from semantic, comparative, empirical analysis viewpoint explained and evaluated the system of passing of risk of CISG, through combing the history of the CISG. The third part analyzed the impact of some factor on the application of the article. These factors include cargo-identifying, trade terminology and parties violation. The fourth part elaborated ur country’s correlative stipulation as well as its question, and gives some suggestions to perfect it. This paper hopes to give some suggestions to perfect the contract law of China by discussing the rule of the passing of risk of CISG.
Chinese Abstract
随着全球经济一体化进程的迅速发展,国际商事交往日益密切,国际货物贸 易更加普遍。国际货物贸易往往需要经过繁琐的运输过程或较长的运输时间才能 运到买方手中,在此期间货物因不可归责于当事人原因造成的毁损或灭失风险由 谁承担十分重要。风险转移,即是指货物的意外毁损或灭失由谁承担的问题,风 险转移问题的关键在于风险转移的时间,即风险在何时从卖方转移到买方。但, 风险转移又是一个极易产生分歧和纠纷的领域,明确标的物的风险转移的具体时 间和条件十分重要。它不仅为各国立法所重视,也为国际条约和国际惯例所重视。 其中,《国际货物买卖销售合同公约》((United Nations Convention on Contracts of International Sales of Goods,以下简称 CISG)作为国际贸易领域最重要的国际条 约之一,是以国际统一实体法的方式调整国际民商事活动的一个创举,并对世界 多数国家具有影响力。其中有关风险转移的规定最具代表性,对其的研究也最具 有实践和理论的双重意义。 本文共分为四个部分。第一部分是关于风险转移制度之概述,从风险的概念、 内涵以及风险转移的各种理论学说入手,首先对风险以及风险转移的基本概念予 以澄清,其次论述了风险转移的三个一般规则,包括风险于合同订立时转移、风 险随所有权转移以及风险随交付转移。第二部分是对 CISG 中有关风险转移规则 的具体评述:首先从历史的角度对 CISG 中风险转移制度的发展过程进行了梳理, 以求寻找该规则的立法线索和演变规律;其次就 CISG 针对不同情况所规定的风 险转移规则进行逐条评析,对基本原则以及不同情况下风险转移的不同规则进行 分析;最后在论述之基础上对 CISG 中的风险转移规则做出基本总结。第三部分 是对其他可能影响到 CISG 中风险转移规则适用的因素的分析,分别包括划拨、 当事人违约和国际贸易惯例三个方面。第四部分在前文的基础之上,从理论发展 和实际需要的角度出发,结合 CISG 的规定和我国《合同法》实际,分析了《合 同法》中就风险转移之规定中存在的立法缺陷,在寻求 CISG 可借鉴之处的基础 上,提出了完善我国《合同法》的几点建议,以求有所助益。 本文希望透过对 CISG 中有关风险转移理论的规定所进行之具体分析,对 CISG 中的风险转移规则进行梳理,以求提供一个可具参考的体系性分析,进而 在此分析基础上对我国现行法律中有关风险转移问题规定之不足提出稍具可行 性之意见。 关键字:风险,风险转移,CISG
Issue Date
2011
Author
陳科汝
Faculty
Faculty of Law
Degree
LL.M.
Subject
United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1980)
Export sales contracts
出口銷售合約
Foreign trade regulation
對外貿易法規
Commercial law
Supervisor
范劍虹
Library URL
b2537435
Files In This Item:
TOC & Abstract
Full-text
Location
1/F Zone C
Supervisor
--