UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
Title
"一次" 在動詞性結構前的表義功能及影響因素
English Abstract
Here is a block-level equation: $\frac{d}{dx}\left( \int_{0}^{x} f(u)\,du\right)=f(x).$ Here is an inline equation $$\frac{d}{dx}\left( \int_{0}^{x} f(u)\,du\right)=f(x)$$ following a new line. Another new line. New line. According to a number of Chinese language scholars, the semantic function of the “numeral – verbal classifier” structure as an adverbial adjunct is the same as its semantic function as a complement, which is to quantify an action. However, Zhou Juan (2007) noticed that the “numeral – verbal classifier” structure actually has three different types of semantic functions when it is used as an adverbial adjunct: in addition to quantifying an action, the structure can also be used to suggest a result or to see actions in separate groups. Due to its different functions, more attention is paid to the strict usage and choice of verbs. Although in Zhou’s thesis she listed the semantic functions of the “numeral – ci (literally number of times)” structure as an adverbial adjunct, she did not clearly explain the different contextual meanings the “numeral – ci” structure may carry. She also failed to comprehensively examine the ideational meaning of the “numeral – ci” structure before verbal structures and systematically analyze how the syntactic structure affects the interpretation of the “numeral – ci” structure. “Ci” is a widely used special verbal classifier, and the phrase “yi ci” (literally one time) has more semantic functions than “x – ci”(x is a numeral variable). For this reason, this paper examines thoroughly the different examples of “yi ci” before verbal structures in the text corpus using a research methodology different from Zhou’s: First, in Zhou’s thesis, two sentence patterns were not discussed: the sentence pattern in which “yi ci” is followed by a conjunction, and the sentence pattern which used “yi ci” to express a topic. To have a more comprehensive understanding about the ideational functions of “yi ci” before verbal structures, the two sentence patterns are examined in this paper. Second, in order to let the readers understand how the components of a sentence can affect their interpretation of “yi ci”, this paper examines and analyzes each specific component of a sentence in terms of semantics. Third, Zhou once stated that ambiguousness can be caused when “yi ci” is used as an adverbial adjunct, but she did not explain the reason. Basing on the result of the analysis of the sentence components, this paper sums up the various syntactic forms which correspond to the different ideational meanings of “yi ci”, thus generalizing the ambiguous sentence patterns using “yi ci”. 7 The ideational functions of “yi ci” and the factors influencing its interpretation are discussed in the three sections of this paper: The first section of the paper classifies the ideational functions of “yi ci” into five different types, taking into account the ideational features of the sentence, its implication of the number of times of an action, its implication of whether the action has been performed, etc. By substitution, this section also explains what contextual meanings can be carried by the different types of “yi ci”. The second section of the paper classifies all the examples of the sentences containing “yi ci” into five specific components (“vp”, “dp”, “pp”, “xp1” and “xp2”). The writer then examines how each of the five specific components affects the interpretation of “yi ci” and offers a logical explanation. After the influences of each component are analyzed, the components are then cross-combined and the influences of the combinations on the interpretation of “yi ci” are studied. In the third section of the paper, the writer identifies which combinations contain ambiguous interpretation of “yi ci” in order to find out the causes of the ambiguity in sentences containing “yi ci” and the contexts in which those ambiguous sentences are most likely to occur. Lastly, the study explains how we can have a correct interpretation of those ambiguous sentences by reading the context. Keywords: Contextual meaning, ideational function, yi ci, verbal classifier
Chinese Abstract

Issue Date
2011
Author

Faculty
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Department:
Department of Chinese
Degree
M.A.
Subject
Chinese language -- Verb

Chinese languag -- Verb phrase

Chinese language -- Quantifiers

Supervisor

Library URL
b2485819
Files In This Item:
TOC & Abstract
Full-text
Location
1/F Zone C
Supervisor
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