UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
人性裂變後的家族末路 : 論張愛玲獨特的親情書寫對家族的拆解 = Deteriorated human nature inducing to the family's terminal : Zhang Ailing's achieving of the families' disintergration by unique families' writings
English Abstract
As she has a high place in Chinese contemporary literature, Zhang Ailing revealed the clan with her unique way of composing. These clans were the rich, powerful and distinguished families, who continued the old-fashioned life style in the stirring times. However, the embarking on a new era unceasingly compelled the damages caused by the declining families to the members to appear. At the same time, with the fission of human nature of the members, the evils of human nature collectively outbreak, initialed the inducing to the depravation and the final ruin. Being differ from other contemporary novelists, during Zhang Ailing’s narrating she focused on inspecting the human nature, of which fission brought more damage than external causes such as revolutions. Other than revealing the disassembly on the social level, Zhang Ailing opened up the narration of family affection disassembly. Though the external family form was kept perfectly complete, internally the dispersing of member’s affection was undertaken. Externally unbroken, the clan actually was absorbing an affection deduction, thus, this mode of clan text narration without doubt was more profound. Thereupon in the clans under her narration the evil of the feudal diehards old and young was exuding distinctly. Resentment, defending, jealous and persecution filled the gap between the family members. Variations of modem family affection eliminated inhere interdependence and sentimental attachments, and selfishness and anomalousness had invaded. This fission of human nature not only destroyed the souls of individual members of the family, but also torn up the family affection and complied the fission of family affection, striking the deadly blow of the whole clan, causing the loss of the affection link. Exhaust of consanguinity leading to the unavoidable and fatal disaggregation of the clans. Keywords:Human nature, Fission, Family affection abnormalities, Clan, Disassembly
Chinese Abstract
作為在中國現付文壇上佔有重要地位的女作家,張愛玲以其獨特的書寫方式 為讀者展示了她筆下的家族。它們是曾經的豪門望族,在動盪的時付裡依然延續 著舊式的生活方式,然而,時付的巨輪滾滾向前,這些沒落的封建家族對成員的 傷害不斷顯現出來。同時,伴隨著人性的裂變,家族成員人性惡的集體爆發,也 促使家族開始一步步走向墮落與毀滅。 在家族敘述過程中,張愛玲將重點放在了對人性的考察上,在她的作品中人 性的裂變為家族帶來的傷害遠勝過革命等外因,這是一種不同於同時付其他作家 的家族書寫。張愛玲筆下的家族所展現的更多的是親情意義上的拆解,而非簡單 的社會意義上的拆解,家族在外在形態保持完整的同時,卻又經歷著成員情感上 的離散拆解。外部看來完整的家族,實則正承受著一場情感拆解,因此,這種家 族敘述無疑是更為深刻的。 於是,她筆下一個個封閉的大家族中,封建遺老遺少的人性惡展露無疑,人 與人之間滿是怨恨、防備、猜忌與迫害,現付的親情變異讓親人們原有的相互依 存與他們對家族的共同眷戀頃刻化為烏有,一切開始讓位於人的自私與變態。這 種人性的裂變在摧毀了個體成員的同時,更撕裂了親情,實現了親情的裂變,並 最終為家族帶來了致命的一擊,使得家族失去了情感上的維繫。血緣之愛喪失殆 盡後,解體成了家族的必然命運。 關鍵詞:人性 裂變 親情變異 家族 拆解
Issue Date
Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
Department of Chinese
Chang, Ai Ling, 1921-1995 -- Criticism and interpretation
張愛玲, 1921-1995 -- 評論及解釋
Families -- China
家庭 家族成員 家庭關係 家庭生活 -- 中國
Clans -- China
宗族 -- 中國
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TOC & Abstract
1/F Zone C