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寧波方言的名詞性結構 = The nominal structures in the Ningbo Wu dialect

English Abstract

It is widely believed among Chinese linguists that the Wu dialect belongs to classifier-dominant languages. In such languages, classifiers can be used as quasi-article and attributive marker, but demonstratives can’t. However, in the Ningbo dialect, a typical Wu dialect, classifiers can only be used as attributive marker, but not as quasi-article. It reflects the complexity of the nominal structures in the Wu dialect. There are similarities and differences between Ningbo dialect and other Wu dialects. Thus, this thesis systematically investigates the nominal structures in the Ningbo dialect, in order to provide more typological materials for the study of the nominal structures in the Wu dialect. This thesis is divided into six chapters. Chapter one is introduction, Chapter two is literature review, Chapter three is classifier structures, Chapter four is possessive structures, Chapter five is attributive structures, and Chapter six is conclusion. Chapter one is a preliminary introduction to the research question, research significance, theoretical background, and research method. Chapter two makes a summary about previous studies, including “the core issues of the nominal structures research” and “the nominal structures research in the Wu dialects”. Chapter three focuses on the composition and function of classifier structures, which includes classifier phrases, numeral phrases and determiner phrases. Moreover, it offers a syntactic analysis for three kinds of classifier-related phrases. Chapter four discusses the composition, function and separating movement of possessive structures. At the same time, it discusses the composition of appositive structures. Similarly, it makes a syntactic analysis on two kinds of structures. Chapter five describes the composition of attributive structures, including “adjective phrases being used as modifiers”, “relative clauses being used as modifiers”, and “ the co-occurrence of relative clauses and adjective phrases”. Chapter six summarizes the findings of this thesis, and points out the innovations and limitations.

Chinese Abstract

學界普遍認為吳語屬於量詞發達型語言,量詞能夠充當類冠詞和定語標記, 但是指示詞不能。寧波方言的量詞雖然能夠充當定語標記,但是不能充當類冠詞。 由此可見吳語內部的名詞性結構的複雜性,寧波方言與其他吳語方言之間既 存在共性,也存在個性。因此,本文系統調查了寧波方言的名詞性結構,以期為 吳語的名詞性結構研究提供更多類型學的材料。 論文共分為六章。第一章是引言,第二章是文獻綜述,第三章是量詞結構, 第四章是領屬結構,第五章是定語結構,第六章是結語。 第一章介紹了研究的問題、意義、理論來源、方法以及語料來源。 第二章進行了文獻綜述,包括“名詞性結構研究的核心問題”和“吳語的名 詞性結構研究”兩大塊。 第三章主要關注量詞結構的構成與功能,包括量詞短語、數量短語和限定詞 短語三部分。而且基於生成句法理論,對三類短語進行了句法分析。 第四章主要討論領屬結構的構成、功能和分裂移位,以及同位結構的構成。 同樣對兩類結構進行了句法分析。 第五章主要考察定語結構的構成,包括“形容詞短語作定語”、“關係從句 作定語”和“形容詞短語與關係從句的共現”三部分。 第六章歸納了論文的研究成果,并指出了文章的創新與不足。

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Faculty of Arts and Humanities


Department of Chinese




Wu dialects -- China -- Ning Po (Che Chiang Province)

吳方言 -- 中國 -- 寧波 (浙江省)

Chinese language -- Dialects -- China -- Ning Po (Che Chiang Province)

漢語 -- 方言 -- 中國 -- 寧波 (浙江省)



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