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梁漱溟的中國文化觀及其當代啟示 = Liang Shuming's outlook on Chinese culture and its modern implication

English Abstract

Liang Shuming is regarded as ”the Last Confucian”. His main study thoughts combine traditional Confucianism with characteristics of the society, which makes great contribution on issues of human nature and society, comparison between eastern and western culture, and studies of philosophical thoughts. Through Liang 's whole life, his study implemented Confucianism 's philosophy -- ”integration of knowledge and action”. Therefore, apart from theoretical studies, he emphasized on practicing the cultural theories, which creates a system of his own: an integrated, systematic and original outlook on Chinese culture. This thesis firstly discusses the importance of restoring the traditional Chinese culture with the context of contemporary global cultural distortion by analyzing development of Chinese and global culture, and illustrating three issues: global cultural crisis, conflicts about development of global cultural integrity and dilemmas of contemporary Chinese cultural development. Secondly, the thesis has an in-depth analysis on Liang Shuming 's outlook on Chinese culture, mainly focusing on the theory of desire reconciliation, comparison between eastern and western cultural, Liang 's inherit and understandings of quintessence of Confucianism, and the construction of ethics and norms. Finally, the thesis offers solutions to the issues on Chinese and global cultural development: to establish an attitude that is optimistic and revolutionary, conciliable, and discover good nature. Besides, it also points out several ideas of the universal values in Confucianism, which can be referred by other cultures. Liang Shuming 's outlook on Chinese culture is not confined to China though its origin is from Chinese traditional culture. It has positive influence on global development and integration, and helps people cast off the crisis of belief, which has great significance on dealing with issues on conflicts between nations, races and cultures.

Chinese Abstract

梁漱溟被稱為“最後的儒家”,其研究思想以傳統儒家為核心,關注時代特性, 在人生問題與社會問題、東西文化比較、哲學思想研究方面建樹頗高。梁漱溟一生貫 徹儒家“知行合一”的要求,除文化比較和理論研究外,還注重文化理想的實踐,文 化思想與精神理念自成體系,形成了一套完整、系統、獨到的“中國文化觀”。 本文首先從當今中國及世界文化發展背景入手分析,以全球性的文化危機、世界 文化融合發展矛盾、以及當代中國文化發展所面臨的諸多困境三個問題為主線,論述 全球化時代文化精神畸變下中國傳統文化複歸的重要性。然後對梁漱溟的中國文化觀 進行深入探析,主要對意欲調和理論、東西方文化比較、梁漱溟對儒家思想精髓的繼 承以及倫理道德建設方面分別展開論述。最後將視角回歸至中國及世界文化發展問題 的解決,確立“奮鬥向上、調和持中、發掘性善”的基本態度,提出儒家思想普世價 值中可供世界發展借鑒的幾點理念:“和而不同”的文化包容態度,“以義為利”的 “義”本位精神、“情禮互融”的倫理道德體系建構以及“士志於道”的責任使命的 重拾。 梁漱溟“中國文化觀”源于中國傳統文化精髓卻不局限於中國範圍,具有深切的 個體關懷和普世關懷,對於引領人類與世界的融合、正向發展,幫助人類擺脫信仰危 機與精神迷途,處理當下國家對抗、種族紛爭、文化衝突等諸多問題具有現實意義和 借鑒價值。

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Faculty of Arts and Humanities




Liang, Shu Ming, 1893-1988

梁漱溟, 1893-1988



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