UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)
論代孕的正當性和法律規制 = The surrogate legitimacy and legal regulation
- English Abstract
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" There are three forms of unfilial conduct, of which the worst is having no descendants. " This traditional concept has influenced thoughts of most Chinese people. Having natural children is a significant thing of Chinese families. Full liberalization of two children policy makes people feel more urgent to have a natural child. However, some women cannot procreate naturally for a variety of reasons. Because of the improvement of science and technology, artificial aided reproduction technology in medicine has made tremendous development. Surrogacy has solved such a problem as a form of assisted reproductive technology. Surrogate can help infertile women to become mothers. While the technical conditions have been met in medicine, surrogacy has brought a great moral test to society because it involves authorizing a surrogate motherhood as a third person other than the couples. It also has brought a severe test to the existing social order. There is no relevant rules in laws and regulations to regulate society has brought great moral test, also has a severe test to the existing social order, no relevant provisions of laws and regulations in force to regulate this new technology. It has a serious shock to the existing laws and regulations either. In the development of countries throughout the world, the attitude to surrogacy is completely different. The majority of common law countries have opening restrictive policies for surrogacy. In contrast, most civil law countries hold completely prohibited attitudes towards surrogacy. As a civil law country, all forms of surrogacy are prohibited in China.. It also clearly stated that health care workers should not adopt gestational surrogacy. Although the nation strictly bans the implementation of gestational surrogacy, the desire of natural children makes underground gestational surrogacy market not be completely banned. The scale of this market is even expanding constantly. Only by the implementation of prohibitive law, generation pregnancy behavior cannot be prohibited only, the stability of social order cannot be maintained, and the lawful rights and interests of the parties also cannot be guaranteed, especially the rights of pregnancy mother as a third party. This would likely to make social contradictions continue to deepen. Therefore, it is meaningful to investigate whether surrogacy should be allowed, whether there should be a national force to protect surrogacy. This essay will analyse and discuss the rationality and necessity of restrictive surrogacy, and also will give some recommendations on legal regulations. This paper will research the domestic and foreign legislation and analyse the emerged events of surrogacy through conceptive explanation of surrogacy. It will give some recommendations to surrogate legislation of mainland..
- Chinese Abstract
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“不孝有三，無後為大”的傳統觀念影響著大多數的中國人，擁有親生子 女對中國家庭有著至關重要的作用，全面開放二胎政策使得人們對於親生子女 的渴望更加迫切。然而因為各種原因，使得一部份女性無法自然生育子女，而 科學技術水平的提高，人工輔助生殖技術在醫學中的發展，作為人工輔助生殖 技術的一種形式的代孕解決了該類難題，能夠幫助無法生育的女性成為一名母 親。 雖然在醫學上已經能夠滿足代孕的技術條件，但是由於代孕涉及到委託夫 婦外的第三人即孕母，給社會帶來了極大的道德倫理的考驗，對現存的社會秩 序也有著嚴峻的考驗，現行的法律法規并無具體的相關規定去規範，對於現行 的法律法規有著嚴重的衝擊。 在世界各國的發展中，對於代孕的態度是全然不同的，大多數的英美法系 國家對代孕持有限制性的開放政策，而大陸法系的國家多數對代孕持有全然禁 止的態度。作為大陸法系國家，我國全面禁止一切形式的代孕。雖然國家嚴令 禁止實施代孕技術，然而對親生子女的渴望使得地下代孕市場屢禁不止，甚至 規模在不斷擴大，僅有禁止的法律規定並不能組織代孕行為的發生，也無法維 護安定的社會秩序，無法保障當事人的合法權益，尤其是作為孕母的第三方女 性的權利，會使得社會矛盾的繼續加深。因此，重新探討代孕是否應該開放， 是否應該有國家的強制力去保護具有一定的意義。本文就有限制性的代孕是否 具有合理性和必要性進行分析和探討，并對法律規制進行一定的建議。 本文通過對代孕的概念解釋，對國內外立法情況的研究及對我國已經出現 的代孕事件的處理的分析，來對我國進行代孕立法作出建議。
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Faculty of Law
Surrogate mothers -- Legal status, laws, etc.
代孕 -- 法律地位, 法規, 等
Surrogate mothers -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- China
代孕 -- 法律地位, 法規, 等 -- 中國
Human reproductive technology -- Law and legislation
人類生殖科技 -- 法規
Fetus -- Legal status, laws, etc.
胎兒 -- 法律地位, 法規, 等
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