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UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)

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Title

芻議全球化視覺下粤港澳三地法律制度差異對警務情報合作的影響 =A discussion on the influence of three different legal systems of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao on police intelligence cooperation under the globalization vision

English Abstract

Because of the different political, economic and legal systems of cooperation between countries and regions, police cooperation has always been a difficult problem in various countries and regions, Especially as the basis of police cooperation and the core content of intelligence cooperation, but also because it involves the issue of information security and personal information protection and so on, it is even more difficult. As an important trend of development in today's world, "globalization" has brought to improve working efficiency of the police service of inevitable choice under the high degree of integration of global economic, political, cultural and other factors and mutual interdependence, closely linked, gathered group strength to solve the common problem, realize win-win response to it have become the inevitable choice to solve the social security problems in the environment of globalization, policing "integration" idea of cooperation is the trend of globalization. In order to maximize meet the tide of globalization and avoiding disadvantages, from various countries and regions in the political, economic, cultural and other aspects of the system also correspondingly change, there can avoid to appear social contradictions intensified and crime is growing rapidly and other issues and with the progress of the development of society and science, the performance of major criminal means showing a cross-border crime outstanding, an increase in economic crime, increase high-tech crime, terrorism rampant main trend, These acts do not belong to the passion of crime, are from the organization, the way, the crime and other aspects of the crime and the preparation of the crime and the implementation of the crime, This shows that in-depth, timely and accurate information on the prevention of crime against the background of globalization, and the punishment of criminals have a very important role. Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao while in policing cooperation experience and achievements have been made. But it is limited to 3 the lack of differences between the mainland and Hong Kong and Macao legal system and the relevant judicial protocol, intelligence co-operation basically just stay in the case of cooperation level. For Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao to the most urgent common interests of the most important concerns, and taking it as the breakthrough, with some laws and regulations promulgated the opportunity and law in the face of intelligence cooperation between the three to be protected from and to choose the right time, follow the multi-party negotiations, equality, sovereignty only and paramount efficiency principle and discuss the formulation relevant judicial protocol and the formulation of the rules for the implementation thereof, is currently promoting the three cooperative intelligence and police cooperation is an effective way. Whether it is from the current development trend of international or the domestic social status and legislative status consideration, promote the personal information protection law promulgated very necessary. Therefore, referring to foreign experience and legislative experience, in practical considerations based on the reality of our country, as soon as possible the personal information protection law, and actively to personal information protection law and the criminal law and other administrative laws and regulations supporting convergence, to build a comprehensive legal protection system.

Chinese Abstract

警务合作由于涉及到合作的国家和地区之间不同的政治、经济及 法律制度,一直是各国和各地区的难点问题,尤其是作为警务合作基础和核心 内容的情报合作,更是由于涉及到信息安全及个人信息保护等问题而显得更加 举步维艰。作为当今世界发展的重要趋势,“全球化”带来了经济、政治、文 化等因素的全球高度融合和彼此相互依存、紧密联系,聚集群体力量解决共同 难题、实现双赢的应对方式成为全球化环境下解决社会治安问题的必然选择, 警务“一体化”的合作思路也是全球化趋势下提升警务工作效能的必然选择。 为了最大限度适应全球化浪潮并趋利避害,各国各地区政治、经济、文化等方 面的制度也相应地发生着变革,并无可避免地出现社会矛盾激化和犯罪迅速增 长等问题,且随着社会的发展和科学的进步,当前表现出来的主要犯罪方式呈 现出了跨境犯罪突出、经济犯罪增多、高科技犯罪增加、恐怖主义活动猖獗等 主要趋势,这些行为实施均不属于激情犯罪,都是从组织、方式、犯罪工具等 多方面进行了充足的犯罪预备而后实施的犯罪行为,由此可见深入、及时、准 确的情报信息对全球化背景下的犯罪预防、打击以及犯罪分子的惩处具有非常 重要的作用。粤港澳三地虽然在警务合作方面经验丰富且取得成效,但是受限 于内地与港澳法律制度的差异以及相关司法协议的缺失,情报合作基本上只是 停留在个案合作层面,难以深入。寻找粤港澳三地当前最迫切最重要的共同利 益关切点,并以此为切入,借助某些法律法规出台的契机,从法律层面对三地 间的情报合作加以保障,再选择合适时机, 遵循多方协商、地位平等、主权 唯一、效率至上等原则,共同商讨制定相关司法协议并制定实施细则,是当前 推进三地情报合作乃至警务合作的有效途径。无论是从当前的国际发展趋势 看,还是当前国内的社会现状和立法状况考虑,推进个人信息保护法的出台非 常必要,因此,参照国外的实践经验及立法经验,在实际考量我国现实情况的 基础上,尽快出台个人信息保护方面法律,并积极将个人信息保护法与《刑法》 和其他行政性法律规定衔接配套,构筑起全面的法律保护体系。

Issue date

2016

Author

許璐子

Faculty

Faculty of Law

Degree

LL.M.

Subject

Police administration -- China -- Kuang Tung Province

警察行政 -- 中國 -- 廣東省

Police administration -- Hong Kong

警察行政 -- 香港

Police administration -- Macau

警察行政 -- 澳門

Supervisor

唐曉晴

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Location
1/F Zone C
Library URL
991001660399706306