UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)

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Design of a mobile RFID reader system with closely placed array and its application to Segway vehicle

English Abstract

The radio frequency identification (RFID) technology with contactless object identification is essential for a wide range of industrial applications, including manufacturing, logistic, retail, warehouse and so forth. Amongst different operating frequencies, ultra-high frequency (UHF) RFID operated from 920 MHz to 925 MHz is attractive and it is still in growing of importance. Using backscattering communication, the read/write function between the object and the reader is realized in relatively long distance. In this thesis, we intend to enhance object detection capability, smart antenna technique is thus studied. The phased array antenna is adopted, which not only extends the coverage by enhancing the antenna gain of the radiating beam, but also provides the beam steering capability to RFID readers. A 4-element Quasi-Yagi antenna array operated at 920 MHz is thus implemented, with flexible phase shift control by software leading to 40˚ beam steering controllability. Incorporating the developed antenna system with Segway vehicle, a mobile RFID item management platform is demonstrated. It is well known that the array antenna suffers from the mutual coupling problem when they are closely placed, a simple and systematic decoupling network using parallel coupled-line (PCL) is thus proposed, and three types of PCL structure with open-ended, short-ended with capacitors loaded and inductors loaded are theoretically analyzed. At the center frequency of 920 MHz for UHF RFID, a design example for two closely coupled Quasi-Yagi antennas using open-ended PCL is designed and experimentally characterized, the port isolation has around 15 dB improvement compared with the uncoupled situation in the measurement. Besides, the port decoupling demonstrates a notable improvement of received signal strength indicator (RSSI) for single and multiple tag detections.

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Ou, Bin Kai


Faculty of Science and Technology




Radio frequency identification systems -- Design and construction

Phased array antennas -- Design and construction

Motor scooters -- Design and construction

Electrical and Computer Engineering -- Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Tam, Kam Weng

Ma, Shao Dan

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