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Land finance and housing price in China : evidence from thirty-five cities

English Abstract

Over the last two decades, China’s housing market has developed from government-controlled to a market-oriented sector. With the rapid pace of urbanization, China’s major cities have experienced skyrocketing land and housing price. Real estate sector has hence become the key engine of China’s economic growth in the last decade. Whereas being a monopoly of land supply, the Chinese government, especially the local governments are one of the largest beneficiaries in this process. The land conveyance revenue has actually turned to be one of the most important fiscal resources for local governments. This phenomenon is usually termed as “land finance”. In this paper, we analyze the incentive of local governments in real estate market and examine its impact on the housing price. Using a panel data covering 35 large Chinese cities for the period between 1999 and 2010, we empirically find that there is a dynamic linkage between land price and housing price. Moreover, the urban residential housing price fluctuations are closely related with land-finance. This study will help to enrich our understanding of local governments’ behavior under the present fiscal system, and provide fresh eyes for understanding the development of China’s housing market

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Ji, Hong Ye


Faculty of Business Administration




Banking and Finance -- Department of Finance and Business Economics

Vendors and purchasers -- China

Housing -- Prices -- China


Huang, Bi Hong

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