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UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)

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Title

Yo-Yo跑和持續跑對中學生籃球運動員有氧耐力的實驗研究

English Abstract

The purpose of this study, using quasi-experimental method, was to examine the effects of 10 weeks endurance training on young basketball players’ aerobic endurance, and to compare the difference of Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Training and Continuous Endurance Running Training on aerobic endurance. 26 healthy male volunteers from a school basketball team participated in this study (age 14.96 ± 1.56 years, basketball training history 2.31 ± 1.23 years). Subjects were randomly divided into Yo-Yo intermittent endurance training (Yo-Yo group) or continuous endurance running training group (CON group). All subjects took these two training programs of 3 times a week for 10 weeks. For CON group, the time of continuous running was 5 minutes in the first 3 weeks and 7 minutes in the later 7 weeks. In each training bout, all subjects were required to report Ratings of Perceived Exertion (RPE), while five students in each group were randomly selected to be monitored of heart rate. Before and after the endurance training program, 12 minute run, Yo-Yo test and maximum oxygen uptake predicted by incremental cycle ergometer test were investigated. The results showed that: 1) both training programs can significantly improve the performances of 12-minute run (F = 39.787, p <0.001) and Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test (F = 41.363, p <0.001), while the maximal oxygen uptake had no significant changes (p> 0.05). The results of 12-minute run in Yo-Yo group rose from 2244.62 ± 294.14 m to 2624.62 ± 500.23 m, and for endurance running group, from 2338.69 ± 289.91 m to 2639.23 ± 229.58 m. The performances of Yo-Yo test were changed from1049.23 ± 385.45m to 1707.69± 453.54m in Yo-Yo group and 1018.46± 430.38 m to 1544.62± 434.98 m in continuous endurance running group respectively. 2) different position players had significant increase in the results of 12-minute run (3.79% - 18.57%) and Yo-Yo test (39.02% - 63.87%). Strikers improved the most, while center forwards had the least improvement. The findings of this study indicated that both 10 weeks of Yo-Yo intermittent endurance training and continuous endurance training enhanced the endurance in athletes of secondary school basketball team and small work load of Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Training can achieve the effect of large work load of continuous endurance running. It suggests, for improving aerobic capacity, the effect of Yo-Yo intermittent endurance training is better than continuous endurance running. Key words:Secondary School, Basketball Players, Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Training, Continuous Endurance Running, Aerobic Capacity

Chinese Abstract

本研究以準實驗法實施,目的在於探討 10 週的耐力訓練對青少年男籃運動員有 氧耐力的影響,以及比較 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練與持續耐力跑訓練對提升有氧耐力的優 劣。研究對象為澳門某學校校隊的 26 名青少年男籃運動員,身體健康、志願參加是 項研究,平均年齡為 14.96 ± 1.56 歲,籃球訓練史為 2.31 ± 1.23 年。受試者隨機等分 爲實驗組 (Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練組) 和對照組 (持續耐力跑訓練組),Yo-Yo 組進行為 期 10 週、每週 3 次的 3 次 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力跑訓練;持續跑組進行為期 10 週、每週 3 次的耐力跑訓練,持續跑前 3 週每次訓練為 5 分鐘跑步,隨後跑步時間提升到 7 分鐘; 在每次耐力訓練時,兩組受試者均需報告主觀疲勞感覺(RPE),同時分別隨機抽取 5 位同學佩戴 polar 錶記錄運動中的心率。在實驗前後,比較 Yo-Yo 組和持續跑組之 12 分鐘跑、Yo-Yo 間歇耐力跑測試成績、及功率車漸增負荷測試預測的最大攝氧量。結 果發現:1) Yo-Yo組和長跑兩種訓練方法均能顯著提高運動員的12分鐘跑 (F = 39.787, p<0.001) 和 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力成績 (F = 41.363,p<0.001),兩組之功率車漸增負荷測試 預測的最大攝氧量無顯著提升(p>0.05)。Yo-Yo 組之 12 分鐘跑從 2244.62 ± 294.14 米 提升至 2624.62 ± 500.23 米,持續跑組從 2338.69 ± 289.91 米提升至 2639.23 ± 229.58 米;Yo-Yo 組之 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力跑測試成績從實驗前的 1049.23 ± 385.45 米提升至 1707.69 ± 453.54 米,持續跑組從 1018.46 ± 430.38 米提升至 1544.62 ± 434.98 米。2) 不 同位置的運動員的 12 分鐘跑和 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力成績均有顯著性提高,12 分鐘跑提高 幅度在 3.79% - 18.57%,Yo-Yo 間歇耐力成績提高幅度在 39.02% - 63.87%,前鋒提高 的最多,中鋒提高的最少。結果顯示:10 週的 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練及持續跑耐力訓 練均能提升中學生籃球校隊運動員的有氧耐力;較低的運動量的 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練 能達到較高運動量的持續跑的有氧耐力訓練效果,提示 Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練比持續跑 具有更加的有氧耐力效果。 關鍵字:中學、籃球運動員、Yo-Yo 間歇耐力訓練、持續耐力跑、有氧耐力

Issue date

2011

Author

黃康旭

Faculty

Faculty of Education

Degree

M.Ed.

Subject

Physical education and training -- Macau

體能教育及訓練 -- 澳門

Athletes -- Training of -- Macau

運動員 -- 職業培訓 -- 澳門

Endurance sports -- Training -- Macau

耐力體育 -- 訓練 -- 澳門

Supervisor

孔兆偉

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Location
1/F Zone C
Library URL
991006561419706306