UM E-Theses Collection (澳門大學電子學位論文庫)



English Abstract

This paper makes use of action research to study a group of high grade student in an elementary school of Macau. The researcher was engaged in the instruction of philosophy for children within half a year, under the name of “Philosophy Club”. The purpose of this study is to authentically exhibit the detailed process of philosophical inquiry with children, to describe the difficulties encountered when the teacher carry out the program and summarize the necessary strategies for challenge, and to specially exam the influence of philosophy for children on the teacher and children. The main conclusions are as follows: a. Teaching Material Aspect: Different materials have different advantages and disadvantages, so it is necessary to integrate them in the term of practical situation. b. Teacher Aspect : 1. The instructional strategies include: maintaining the quiet of classroom; strictly controlling the discipline; emphasizing the rules for discussion; setting up the time limitation; improving teaching efficiency; suitably dealing with the relationship between philosophical inquiry and storytelling; arranging some homework , etc. 2. The teaching practice of philosophy for children can be helpful towards the development of teacher’s professional knowledge. c. Student Aspect: 1. High grade student in elementary school could excellently do philosophy. 2. Philosophy for children can produce much meaningful effect on children. Eventually, this paper put forward with some suggestions for schools, teachers as well as educational administrations respectively that desire to implement the project of philosophy for children, and points out some orientations for the future study. Key Words: Philosophy for children Action research

Chinese Abstract

本文採用行動研究的方法,以澳門一群小學高年級學生為研究對象,在哲學俱樂部的名義下,實施長達半年的兒童哲學教學活動。主要目的是如實展現兒童探究哲學的具體歷程,描述教師在實施過程中所經歷的困境,總結出應對的策略,並著意考察兒童哲學對教師和學生的影響。 本研究的主要結論如下: 一. 教材方面:應用不同材料教學各有其優勢和劣勢,因此需要根據實際情況進行統整。 二、教師方面 1. 兒童哲學常用教學策略包括:保持教學環境的安靜;嚴格控制課堂紀律;強調課堂討論的規則;設定必要時限,提高教學效率;妥善處理哲學探究與故事敍述的關係;佈置適當作業等。 2. 兒童哲學的教學實踐能夠推動教師專業不斷發展。 三、學生方面 1. 小學高年級學生能夠出色地做哲學 2. 兒童哲學對學生能產生較多有意義的影響 最後,本文針對欲實施兒童哲學的學校、教師以及教育行政部門提出一些建議,並指出未來研究的方向。 關鍵詞:兒童哲學 行動研究

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Faculty of Education




Children and philosophy


Philosophy -- Study and teaching (Primary)

哲學 -- 學習及教學 (初級小學)

Philosophy -- Study and teaching (Primary) -- Macau

哲學 -- 學習及教學 (初級小學) -- 澳門



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