Macau Periodical Index (澳門期刊論文索引)

Ballon, Robert J
Human resource management and Japan
Journal Name
Euro Asia Journal of Management
Pub. Info
Jun. 2002, Vol.12, No.1, pp. 5-20
Abstract : In its process of industrialization, Japan, notwithstanding essential inputs of Western origin, had to develop an original approach adapted to local conditions. Japanese enterprise develops, rather than manages its human resources, an approach that affects employment, firm size and manpower utilization. This is promoted by Japan's industrial society where trade associations, industrial groupings, indirect financing, and customer service converge on the challenge not of doing business, but of staying in business, Overall, industrialization was and is as much social as economic. Paragraph Headings: 1. Introduction 2. Industrial enterprise 2.1. Employment and labor relations 2.2. Incorporation and size 2.3. Manpower utilization 3. Industrial society 3.1. Trade associations and regulation 3.2. Industrial groupings and relational contracting 3.3. Investors/creditors and indirect financing 3.4. Customer service 4. Conclusion